The example picked out here is for a James Fraser, one of four children whose father had been sentenced and whose mother was living at Palmerston was committed under the Industrial Schools Act 1882 due to destitution.
Caroline Carline, a housewife of comfortable circumstances from Caversham put up her hand to take James and his siblings. Caroline is a friend of their mother. It states that the father had left goal but hadn't been seen since.
This series of records are at Wellington National Archives. Click on images to read.